Document Type : Original Article
Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
The aim of this study was to determine the density of benzene and toluene in barbershops of Sanandaj and also to determine effective factors for this pollution. A descriptive, analytical study was conducted to measure the volatile organic compound density and determine the effective factors. In this study, five hair salons and five barber shops were randomly selected from Sanandaj city. The volatile organic compound density was measured by using Phocheck device, Tiger model, made in England, equipped with a PID lamp (Photoionisation detector lamp). Also, the other effective variables that affect the density of these compounds including temperature, humidity, type of service provided, and the type of conditioner were measured in summer and autumn. Statistical analysis using t-test and ANOVA was performed using SPSS software version 18. In the makeup salons, toluene had the highest density (with an average concentration of 0.821200 ppm), and ethylbenzene had the least density (with an average concentration of 0.015532 ppm). Between the density of volatile organic compounds, it was one of effective factors of them. Based on the impact of natural ventilation, it is recommended to reduce contaminants in beauty salons. Environmental health inspectors should consider this variable in their surveys.