Fabrication, characterization, and microscopic imaging of Fe2O3-modified electrospun nanofibers

Document Type : Original Article


1 Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran


This study explored the fabrication, characterization, and microscopic imaging of highly porous electrospun nanofibers based on pure and Fe2O3 nanoparticle modified polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers. The desired electrospinning mixture comprising polymer and nanoparticles in dimethyleformamide, was prepared. During electrospinning, the precursor solution was injected using a syringe pump. The empirical parameter influences, including nanoparticles dose, polymer weight percentage, and thickness as applied polymer syringe, were studied on the product morphology and uniformity. The products were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrophotometer, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results demonstrate that changes in the investigated empirical parameters cause fiber morphology variations and uniformity. Therefore, a strong interaction exists between Fe2O3 and PAN. In general, addition of nanoparticles to PAN solution resulted in a decrease in the average fiber diameter compared to pure PAN.


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