Document Type : Original Article
Department of Environmental Engineering, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Environmental Technologies Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Background: In the last few decades, concern over environmental safety has increased significantly. One of the main causes of environmental degradation is the discharge of untreated pollutants into water bodies. This study examined the efficiency of the photo-Fenton oxidation process to remove chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total organic carbon (TOC) from petroleum wastewater.
Methods: Experiments were designed using the Box-Behnken method- a model of the response surface method (RSM) by MINITAB software. First, a wooden chamber equipped with UV lamps installed in the center was applied. The effect of effective parameters on the photo-Fenton process, including naphthalene concentration (10-70 μg/L), pH (2-7), H2O2 (50-800 mg/L), Fe (5-80 mg/L), contact time (10-120 minutes) and UV rays was investigated.
Results: The highest removal efficiency of the COD (case 89.27) was at achieved at pH = 2, UV = 24, naphthalene concentration 10 μg/L, Fe concentration 36.06 mg/L, hydrogen peroxide content 800 mg/L, and contact time 120 min. Besides, the highest removal efficiency of the process in removing TOC was 71.04% obtained at 2 pH = 24, UV = 24, and a reaction time of 120 min.
Conclusion: Based on the results of this research, the photo-Fenton process has a significant efficiency in removing COD and TOC from petroleum effluents containing cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and can be utilized as an efficient method for the treatment of petroleum wastewaters.