Aquatic macroinvertebrates, which play a significant role in the food chain of an ecosystem, are used in fresh water quality assessment to identify the environmental stress resulting from a variety of anthropogenic disturbances. Seasonal surveys of macroinvertebrate communities were conducted from April 2013 to March 2014 in Chhariganga oxbow lake of Nadia District of West Bengal, an eastern state of India. In order to bioassess water quality and aquatic health analysis using diversity indices, viz. Shannon-Wiener and Simpson’s diversity index, species richness and evenness, and total abundance with composition trends were carried out. Taxon richness values of 14, 14, and 18, evenness values of 0.80, 0.71, and 0.73, Shannon-Wiener Index values of 2.10, 1.88, and 2.12, and Simpson’s index values of 0.15, 0.22, and 0.20 were determined for macroinvertebrates found during pre-monsoon, monsoon, and post-monsoon period, respectively. In the present study, low diversity indices, like the Shannon-Wiener Index, demonstrated clearly that the selected lake is polluted and has high anthropogenic activity which has rendered the lake bad to poor health status especially during monsoon season. Therefore, it is necessary to regulate and prevent the jute retting process, and its intensity and density during the monsoon to enhance biodiversity in order to ensure sustainable management and conservation of aquatic environment of the oxbow lake.
Ziglio G, Flaim G, Siligardi M. Biological Monitoring of Rivers.Volume 2 of Water Quality Measurements. New Jersey, NJ: Wiley; 2006.
Strayer DL. Challenges for freshwater invertebrate conservation. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 2006; 25(2): 271-87.
Dodson SI, Lillie RA. Zooplankton communities of restored depressional wetlands in wisconsin, USA. Wetlands 2001; 21(2): 292-300.
Barbour MT, Gerritsen J, Snyder BD. Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Wadeable Rivers: Periphyton, Benthic Macroinvertebrates, and Fish. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water; 1999.
Lenat DR, Penrose DL, Eagleson KW. Variable effects of sediment addition on stream benthos. Hydrobiologia 1981; 79(2): 187-94.
Victor R, Ogbeibu AE. Macrobenthic invertebrates of a stream flowing through farmlands in Southern Nigeria. Environmental Pollution Series A, Ecological and Biological 1985; 39(4): 337-49.
Rosenberg DM, Resh VH. Freshwater Biomonitoring and Benthic Macroinvertebrates. Berlin, Germany: Springer; 1992. p. 1-194.
Thorne R, Williams P. The response of benthic macroinvertebrates to pollution in developing countries: a multimetric system of bioassessment. Freshwater Biology 1997; 37(3): 671-86.
Girgin S, Kazanci N, Dugel M. Ordination and classification of macroinvertebrates and environmental data of a stream in Turkey. Water Sci Technol 2003; 47(7-8): 133-9.
Odiete WO. Environment Physiology of Animal and Pollution. Lagos, Nigeria: Diversified Resources Ltd; 1999.
Environmental Protection Agency. Lake and Reservoir Bioassessment and Biocriteria: Technical Guidance Document. Washington, DC: EPA; 1998.
Meyer JL, Strayer DL, Wallace JB, Eggert SL, Helfman GS. The Contribution of Headwater Streams to Biodiversity in River Networks1. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 2007; 43(1): 86-103.
Richardson JS, Danehy RJ. A Synthesis of the Ecology of Headwater Streams and their Riparian Zones in Temperate Forests. Forest Science 2007; 53(2): 131-47.
Sharma RC, Rawat JS. Monitoring of aquatic macroinvertebrates as bioindicator for assessing the health of wetlands: A case study in the Central Himalayas, India. Ecological Indicators 2009; 9(1): 118-28.
Ravera O. Ecological monitoring for water body management. Proceedings of monitoring Tailormade III. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Information for Sustainable Water Management; 2000 Sep 25-28; Nunspeet, Netherlands; 2000. p. 157-67.
Ikomi RB, Arimoro FO, Odihirin OK. Composition, distribution and abundance of macro-invertebrates of the upper reaches of River Ethiope, Delta State, Nigeria. The Zoologist 2005; 3: 68-81.
George AD, Abowei JF, Alfred-Ockiya JF. The Distribution, Abundance and Seasonality of Benthic Macro Invertebrate in Okpoka Creek Sediments, Niger Delta, Nigeria 2010. Research Journal of Applied Sciences Engineering and Technology 2009; 2(1): 11-8.
Ogbeibu AE, Oribhabor BJ. Ecological impact of river impoundment using benthic macro-invertebrates as indicators. Water Res 2002; 36(10): 2427-36.
Thadeus Imoobe TO, Ohiozebau E. Pollution status of a tropical forest river using aquatic insects as indicators. African Journal of Ecology 2010; 48(1): 232-8.
Omoigbe MO, Ogbeibu AE. Environmental Impacts of Oil Exploration and Production on the Macrobenthic Invertebrate Fauna of Osse River, Southern Nigeria. Research Journal of Environmental Sciences 2010; 4(2): 101-14.
Olomukoro JO, Dirisu A. Macroinvertebrate community of a post lindane treated stream flowing through derived savannah in southern Nigeria. Tropical Freshwater Biology 2012; 21(1): 67-82.
Nandana SB. Retting of coconut husk - a unique case of water pollution on the South West coast of India. International Journal of Environmental StudiesVolume 52, Issue 1-4, 1997 1997; 52(1-4): 335-55.
Chellapandian B, Ramachandra T. Aquatic macroinvertebrate diversity and water quality of bangalore lakes. Proceedings of the Lake 2010. Wetlands, Biodiversity and Climate Change; 2010 Dec 22-24; Bengaluru, India.
Latha C, Thanga VS. Macroinvertebrate diversity of Veli and Kadinamkulam lakes, South Kerala, India. J Environ Biol 2010; 31(4): 543-7.
Balachandran C, Dinakaran S, Alkananda B, Boominathan M, Ramachandra TV. Monitoring aquatic macroinvertebrates as indicators for assessing the health of lakes in Bangalore, Karnataka. International Journal of Advanced Life Sciences 2012; 5(1): 19-33.
Gupta S, Narzary R. Aquatic insect community of lake, Phulbari anua in Cachar, Assam. J Environ Biol 2013; 34(3): 591-7.
Kumar PS, Khan AB. The distribution and diversity of benthic macroinvertebrate fauna in Pondicherry mangroves, India. Aquat Biosyst 2013; 9(1): 15.
Rashid R, Pandit AK. Macroinvertebrates (oligochaetes) as indicators of pollution: A review. J Ecol Nat Environ 2014; 6(4): 140-4.
Doley N, Kalita S. A study on macro-invertebrate population in relation to some water and soil quality parameters in the wetlands of lower subansiri basin, India. J Environ Res Develop 2014; 8(3A): 785-95.
Chakrabarty D, Das SK. Alteration of macroinvertebrate community in tropical aquatic systems in relation to sediment redox potential and overlaying water quality. International Journal of Environment Science and Technology 2006; 2(4): 327-44.
Pennak RW. Fresh-Water Invertebrates of the United States: Protozoa to Mollusca a Wiley-Interscience publication. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley; 1989.
Hewitta G. River quality investigations. Part 1: Some diversity and biotic indices. Journal of Biological Education 1991; 25(1): 44-52.
Washington HG. Diversity, biotic and similarity indices: A review with special relevance to aquatic ecosystems. Water Research 1984; 18(6): 653-94.
Ortiz JD, Puig MA. Point source effects on density, biomass and diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates in a Mediterranean stream. River Research and Applications 2007; 23(2): 155-70.
Simpson EH. Measurement of Diversity. Nature 1949; 163: 688.
Shannon CE, Weaver W. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press; 1963. p. 117.
Pielou EC. An introduction to mathematical ecology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Interscience; 1969.
Bass D, Potts C. Invertebrate Community Composition and Physicochemical Conditions of Boehler Lake, Atoka County, Oklahoma. Proc Okla Acad Sci 2001; 81: 21-9.
Duran M, Akyildiz GK. Evaluating Benthic Macroinvertebrate Fauna and Wate Quality of Suleymanli Lake (Buldan-Denizli) in Turkey. Acta zool bulg 2011; 63(2): 169-78.
Olomukoro JO, Dirisu AR. Macroinvertebrate Community and Pollution Tolerance Index in Edion and Omodo Rivers in Derived Savannah Wetlands in Southern Nigeria. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences 2014; 7(1): 19-24.
Kalyoncu H, Zeybek M. An application of different biotic and diversity indicesfor assessing water quality: A case study in the RiversCukurca and Isparta (Turkey). African Journal of Agricultural Research 2011; 6(1): 19-27.
Plotka N, Ebrahmi M, Hui Z, Crisosto T, Pajak G, Spychala E. Ecological Status of the Lake Durowskie in Poznan Based on Benthic Macro-invertebrates [Online]. [cited 2009 Aug 1]; Available from: URL:
Ghosh D, Biswas JK. Rotifera diversity indices: assessment of aquatic health of an ox-bow lake ecosystem in west Bengal. International Journal of Current Research 2014; 6(12): 10554-7.
Ghosh D, Biswas JK. Zooplankton Diversity Indices: Assessment of an Ox-Bow Lake Ecosystem for Sustainable Management in West Bengal. International Journal of Advanced Biotechnology and Research 2015; 6(1): 37-43.
Ghosh D, Biswas JK. Impact of jute retting on phytoplankton diversity and aquatic health: Biomonitoring in a tropical oxbow lake. Journal of Ecological Engineering 2015; 16(5): 15-25.
Ghosh D, Biswas JK. Biomonitoring macrophytes and abundance for rating aquatic health of an oxbow lake ecosystem in Ganga River basin. American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics. 2015; 3(10): 602-21.
Ghosh, D., & Biswas, J. K. (2015). Macroinvertebrate diversity indices: A quantitative bioassessment of ecological health status of an oxbow lake in Eastern India. Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research, 3(2), 78-90. doi: 10.22102/jaehr.2015.40190
Dipankar Ghosh; Jayanta Kumar Biswas. "Macroinvertebrate diversity indices: A quantitative bioassessment of ecological health status of an oxbow lake in Eastern India". Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research, 3, 2, 2015, 78-90. doi: 10.22102/jaehr.2015.40190
Ghosh, D., Biswas, J. K. (2015). 'Macroinvertebrate diversity indices: A quantitative bioassessment of ecological health status of an oxbow lake in Eastern India', Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research, 3(2), pp. 78-90. doi: 10.22102/jaehr.2015.40190
Ghosh, D., Biswas, J. K. Macroinvertebrate diversity indices: A quantitative bioassessment of ecological health status of an oxbow lake in Eastern India. Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research, 2015; 3(2): 78-90. doi: 10.22102/jaehr.2015.40190