Spatial distribution of groundwater quality around Hamedan municipal solid waste landfill, Iran

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Department of Environmental sciences, Faculty of the Basic science, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan Branch, Hamedan, Iran

Abstract

Municipal solid waste management is an essential part of urban services, which is often managed by local governments. The present study aimed to investigate the spatial variation of the groundwater quality factors in Hamedan Municipal Solid Waste Landfill (HMSWL) site in Hamedan, Iran. In total, 20 wells were randomly selected for the collection of groundwater samples in the vicinity of the landfill. The quality of the well water samples was evaluated by measuring nitrate (NO-3), phosphate (PO4), chemical oxygen demand (COD), five-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), turbidity, pH, total dissolved solid, and fecal coliform. According to the results, the mean concentration of BOD5 and COD in the collected samples was 6.25±11.72 and 7.90±11.50 mg/l, respectively. Maps of the distribution levels of pollution parameters around the landfill have been presented in figures. The issue of solid waste management in Hamedan city should be addressed through integrated management and improving the environment.

Keywords


  1. Hoornweg D, Bhada –Tata P. What a Waste: A Global Review of Solid Waste Management. Urban Development Series, World Bank, Washington, DC.2012. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/17388
  2. Hassanvand M, Nabizadeh R, Heidari M. Municipal solid waste analysis in Iran. Iranian J Health Environ 2008; 1 (1) :9-18
  3. Nageswara Rao L, Kamalakar D. Integrated Solid Waste Management-An Innovative Approach. Int J Eng Sci Res Tech 2014; 3(9): 147-155.
  4. Venkata Ramaiah G, Krishnaiah S. Leachate Characterization and Assessment of Groundwater Pollution near MSW Dumpsite of Mavallipura, Bangalore. Int J Eng Res Appl 2014; 4(1): 267-271.
  5. Silva AV, Curi N, José J, Marques G, Carvalho L, Santos W. Soil maps, field knowledge, forest inventory and ecological-economic zoning as a basis for agricultural suitability of lands in minas gerais elaborated in GIS. Ciência Agrotecnol 2013; 37(6): 538-549.
  6. Raboni M, Torretta T, Viotti P, Urbini G. Experimental plant for the physical-chemical treatment of groundwater polluted by Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) leachate, with ammonia recovery. Rev Ambiente Água 2013; 8(3): 22-32.
  7. American Public Health Association (APHA). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Rochester, NY: Scholar's Choice; 2015. https://www.mwa.co.th/download/file_upload/SMWW_10900end.pdf
  8. Esfahani Kashitarash Z, Samadi MT, Naddafi K, Afkhami A, Rahmani, A. Application of iron nanaoparticles in landfill leachate treatment - case study: Hamedan landfill leachate. Iranian J Environ Health Sci Eng 2012; 9(36): 1-5. 
  9. Lee AH, Nikraz H. BOD: COD Ratio as an Indicator for Pollutants Leaching from Landfill. J Clean Energy Technol 2014; 2(3): 263-266.
  10. Sharma D, Ganguly R. Parametric Analysis of Leachate and Water Resources around Municipal Solid Waste Landfill area in Solan. Proceeding of 3rd International Conference on Advanced Engineering and Technology (3rd ICAET); 2016; December 16-18; Incheon, South Korea.
  11. Al Sabahi, E, Abdul Rahim S, Wan Zuhairi WY, Al Nozaily F, Alshaebi F. The Characteristics of Leachate and Groundwater Pollution at Municipal Solid Waste Landfill of Ibb City, Yemen. Am J Environ Sci 2009; 5 (3): 256-266.
  12. Zafar L, Javed A, Shahid Ali S, Anwar Z, Zaman Khan Khattak J. Potential of Waste Water Sludge as Environmental-Friendly Manure after UV-Treatment. Res J Environ Earth Sci 2012; 4(10): 917-922.
  13. Sholichin M. Field Investigation of Groundwater Contamination from Solid Waste Landfill in Malang, Indonesia. Int J Civil Environ Eng 2012; 12 (2): 74-83.
  14. Aderemi Adeolu O, Oriaku Ada V, Adewumi Gbenga A, Otitoloju Adebayo A. Assessment of groundwater contamination by leachate near a municipal solid waste landfill. Afr J Environ Sci Technol 2011; 5(11): 933-940.
  15. Suryawanshi, R, Khan IA. Assessment of Groundwater Quality and its Spatial Distribution Near Old Landfill Site of Kothrud, Pune. Int J Sci Technol 2014; 2(4): 201-207.
  16. Malik Muhammad A, Zhonghua T. Municipal Solid Waste and its Relation with Groundwater Contamination in Lahore, Pakstan. Res J Appl Sci Eng Techol 2013; 7(8): 1551-1560.
  17. Raju MVS. Contamination of Groundwater Due To Landfill Leachate. Int J Eng Res 2012; 1(2): 48-53.
  18. Nagarajan R, Thirumalaisamy S, Lakshumanan L. Impact of leachate on groundwater pollution due to non-engineered municipal solid waste landfill sites of erode city, Tamil Nadu, India. Iranian J Environ Health Sci Eng 2012; 7(12): 12-22. 
  19. Shenbagarani S. Analysis of groundwater quality near the solid waste dumping site. journal of environmental science. J Environ Sci Toxicol Food Technol 2013; 4(2): 1-5.
  20. Sonel M, Mourya M. Contamination of groundwater layers in Bhanpur Bhopal(MP) due to improper solid waste disposal. Int J Innov Eng Technol 2016; 6(3): 134-137.
  21. Ohwoghere–Asuma O, Aweto KE. Leachate Characterization and Assessment of Groundwater and Surface Water Qualities near Municipal Solid Waste Dump Site in Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria. J Environ Earth Sci 2013; 3(9): 126-135.
  22. Bodrud-Dozaa MD, Towfiqul Islamb ARM, Ahmed A, Dasd S, Saha N, Safiur Rahman M. Characterization of groundwater quality using water evaluation indices, multivariate statistics and geostatistics in central Bangladesh. Water Sci 2016; 30(1): 19–40.