Removal of cesium through adsorption from aqueous solutions: a systematic review

Document Type: Review Article(s)

Authors

1 Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Student Research Committee, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Student Research Committee, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran

5 Department of Medical, Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies “G.F. Ingrassia”, University of Catania, Italy

6 Environmental Health Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan, Iran

7 Food Health Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

8 Department of Health Public, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

9 Sina Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Abstract

Cesium radioactive isotopes (134Cs and 137Cs) are dangerous to human health due to their long half-life and high solubility in water. Nuclear experiments, wars, and nuclear plant accidents have been the main sources of Cs release into the environment. In recent years, several methods have been introduced for the elimination of Cs radioactive isotopes from contaminated water. This study provides an overview of the available published articles (2008–2016) regarding the remediation of waters polluted by Cs isotopes. The maximum adsorption capacity (MAC) of Cs isotopes corresponded to natural chabazite (273.24 mg Cs/g adsorbent), hollow Prussian blue (PB) nanoparticles (262 mg Cs/g adsorbent), and Prussian blue implemented non-woven fabric (260 mg Cs/g adsorbent). Using natural chabazite and PB adsorbents, along with another adsorbent (PB graphene oxide hydrogel), Cs radioactive isotopes can be effectively removed from the aqueous solutions.

Keywords


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