Characteristics and disposal options of sludge from a steel mill wastewater treatment plant

Document Type: Original Article


1 Environmental Technology Research Center AND Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Department of Environmental Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz Science and Research Branch, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Kurdistan Environmental Health Research Center AND Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran


In the present study, sludge from a steel wastewater treatment plant (SWWTP) was analyzed regarding its physicochemical characteristics and metal contents, and disposal options. For these purposes, grab sampling was used to collect 18 slurry and 18 cake sludge samples in 6 mouth (May-October 2012). Mann-Whitney U test, one sample T-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were applied to analyze the obtained data. Canadian Soil Quality Guidelines (CSQG) and Florida Department of Environmental Protection Soil Cleanup Target Levels (FDEPSCTLs) were used to discuss the disposal fate of the generated sludge. The results showed that the order of the studied metals in the sludge was as: Fe>Al>Ca>Mg>Zn>Na>Pb>Mn>Cu>Cr>Ni>Co>Cd. It was found that due to higher concentration of Cu, Pb, Zn and Fe in the generated sludge, compared with CSQG and FDEPSCTLs, it is not suitable for residential and non-residential applications.   


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