Effect of Azolla filiculoides on removal of reactive red 198 in aqueous solution

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health and Health Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 Student Research Committee, Department of Environmental Health, School of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Abstract

The textile dyes are considered as major environmental problems. The dyes can be removed by various methods. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the adsorption rate of Reactive Red 198 (RR198) from aqueous solution by activated Azolla filiculoides. This was an empirical-lab study. The Azolla was used as an adsorbent to remove Reactive Red 198 dye. The effect of various parameters was investigated on adsorbent performance and the adsorption isotherms were determined. The dye concentration was measured by spectrophotometer (DR4000) in λmax = 518 nm. The results indicated that A. filiculoides biosorbent had a large specific surface area (36 m2/g). Using the Langmuir equation, the biosorption capacity (qm) for RR198 was 12.2 mg/g. The results showed that the removal ratio of RR198 reached to 97.3% from wastewater containing 10 mg/l RR198. The biomass could be used as a potential biosorbent for the removal of RR198 from industrial wastewater.

Keywords


1. Zazouli M, Yazdani J, Balarak D, Ebrahimi M, Mahdavi Y. Investigating the Removal Rate of Acid Blue 113 from Aqueous Solution by Canola. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2013; 22(2): 71-8.[In Persian].

2. Crini G, Badot PM. Application of chitosan, a natural aminopolysaccharide, for dye removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption processes using batch studies: A review of recent literature. Progress in Polymer Science 2008; 33(4): 399-447.

3. Mahvi AH, Heibati B. Removal Efficiency of Azo Dyes from Textile Effluent Using Activated Carbon Made from Walnut Wood and Determination of Isotherms of Acid Red18. Journal of Ardabil health 2011; 1(3): 7-15.

4. Nateghi R, Bonyadinejad GR, Amin MM, Assadi A. Nickel oxide nanoparticles application as an efficient adsorbent for dye removal from synthetic wastewater treatment. J Health Syst Res 2010; 6(Supplement): 1015-21. [In Persian].

5. Ghanizadeh G, Asgari G. Removal of Methylene Blue Dye from Synthetic Wastewater with Bone Char. Iran J Health Environ 2009; 2(2): 104-13.

6. Yazdanbakhsh AR, Mohammadi AS, Sardar M, Mohammadi H, Zarabi M. Investigation of Iron Powder, Hydrogen Peroxide and Iron Hydrogen Peroxide for Removal of Acid Yellow Powder 36 Dye from Aqueous Solutions. Iran J Health Environ 2010; 2(4): 296-303. [In Persian].

7. Asilian H, Moussavi GR, Mahmoudi M. Adsorption of Reactive Red 198 Azo Dye from Aqueous Solution onto the Waste Coagulation Sludge of the Water Treatment Plants. Iran J Health Environ 2010; 3(1):
93- 102. [In Persian].

8. Ghaneian MT, Ehrampoush MH, Ganizadeh Gh, Shahi M, Momtaz M. Application of Ozonation on the removal of Reactive Red 198 dye at alkaline Condition. Toloo e Behdasht 2010; 9(2-3): 11-21. [In Persian].

9. Samarghandi M, Noori Sepehr M, Zarrabi M, Norouzi M, Amraie F. Mechanism and Removal Efficiency of C. I. Acid Blake 1 by Pumice Stone Adsorbent. Iran J Health Environ 2011; 3(4): 399-410. [In Persian].

10. Shen D, Fan J, Zhou W, Gao B, Yue Q, Kang Q. Adsorption kinetics and isotherm of anionic dyes onto organo-bentonite from single and multisolute systems. J Hazard Mater 2009; 172(1): 99-107.

11. Naddafi K, Nabizadeh Nodehi R, Jahangiri Rad M. Removal of Reactive Blue 29 Dye from Water by Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes. Iran J Health Environ 2011; 3(4): 359-68. [In Persian].

12. Ghaneian M, Ehrampoush M, Ghanizadeh G, Dehvary M, Abootoraby M, Jasemizad T. Application of Solar Irradiation/K2S2O8 Photochemical Oxidation Process for the Removal of Reactive Blue 19 Dye from Aqueous Solutions. Iran J Health Environ 2010; 3(2): 165-76. [In Persian].

13. Hadi M, Samarghandi MR, Azizian S, Samadi MT, Shokoohi R, Rahmani A. Using Thomas Model to Evaluate Dye Removal from Aqueous Solutions in Fixed-bed Columns of Activated Carbon. Journal of Water and Wastewater 2011; 22(77): 23-34.[In Persian].

14. Rahmani AR, Samarghandi MR. Electrocoagulation Treatment of Color Solution Containing Colored Index Eriochrome Black T. Journal of Water and Wastewater 2009; 20(69): 52-8. [In Persian].

15. Toor M, Jin B. Adsorption characteristics, isotherm, kinetics, and diffusion of modified natural bentonite for removing diazo dye. Chemical Engineering Journal 2012; 187(0): 79-88.

16. Hosseinzadeh E, Zare M, Torabi E, Rahimi S, Shokouhi R. Sodium Alginate Magnetic Beads for Removal of Acid Cyanine 5R from aqueous solution. Hormozgan Med J 2012; 16(2): 101-11. [In Persian].

17. Ghaneian MT, Ehrampoush MH, Ghanizadeh GH, Momtaz M. Study of eggshell performance as a natural sorbent for the removal of reactive red 198 dye from aqueous solution. Toloo e Behdasht 2011; 10(1): 70-81.[In Persian].

18. Padmesh TV, Vijayaraghavan K, Sekaran G, Velan M. Batch and column studies on biosorption of acid dyes on fresh water macro alga Azolla filiculoides. J Hazard Mater 2005; 125(1-3): 121-9.

19. Vijayaraghavan K, Yun YS. Bacterial biosorbents and biosorption. Biotechnol Adv 2008; 26(3): 266-91.

20. Tan Cy, Li G, Lu XQ, Chen Zl. Biosorption of Basic Orange using dried A. filiculoides. Ecological Engineering 2010; 36(10): 1333-40.

21. Filizadeh Y. Survey Ecology Excessive Growth of Azolla in Anzali Wetland and Quality Control. Iran Journal of Natural Resources 2002; 55(1): 65-82.

22. Vafaei F, Khataee AR, Movafeghi A, Salehi Lisar SY, Zarei M. Bioremoval of an azo dye by Azolla filiculoides: Study of growth, photosynthetic pigments and antioxidant enzymes status. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 2012; 75(0): 194-200.

23. Pandey VC. Phytoremediation of heavy metals from fly ash pond by Azolla caroliniana. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2012; 82: 8-12.

24. Bennicelli R, Stepniewska Z, Banach A, Szajnocha K, Ostrowski J. The ability of Azolla caroliniana to remove heavy metals (Hg(II), Cr(III), Cr(VI)) from municipal waste water. Chemosphere 2004; 55(1): 141-6.

25. Jain SK, Gujral GS, Jha NK, Vasudevan P. Production of biogas from Azolla pinnata R.Br and Lemna minor L.: Effect of heavy metal contamination. Bioresource Technology 1992; 41(3): 273-7.

26. Shokohi R, Jafari S, Siboni M, Gamar N, Saidi S. Removal of Acid Blue 113(AB113) dye from aqueous solution by adsorption onto activated red mud: a kinetic and equilibrium study. Sci J Kurdistan Univ Med Sci 2011; 16(2): 55-65. [In Persian].

27. Wang S, Boyjoo Y, Choueib A, Zhu ZH. Removal of dyes from aqueous solution using fly ash and red mud. Water Res 2005; 39(1): 129-38.

28. Colak F, Atar N, Olgun A. Biosorption of acidic dyes from aqueous solution by Paenibacillus macerans: Kinetic, thermodynamic and equilibrium studies. Chemical Engineering Journal 2009; 150(1): 122-30.

29. Dogan M, Abak H, Alkan M. Biosorption of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solutions by Hazelnut Shells: Equilibrium, Parameters and Isotherms. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 2008; 192(1-4): 141-53.

30. Low KS, Lee CK, Tan BF. Quaternized wood as sorbent for reactive dyes. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2000; 87(3): 233-45.

31. Zazouli M, Balarak D, Mahdavi Y, Ebrahimi M. Adsorption rate of 198 reactive red dye from aqueous solutions by using activated red mud. Iranian Journal of Health Sciences 2013; 1(1): 36-43. [In Persian].