Long term use of hand sanitizers during COVID-19 pandemic; health adverse effects and complications in health staff

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Nutrition Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

2 Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, I.R. Iran

3 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Sciences & Technology Research Institute, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan

4 Health Sciences Research Center, Health Sciences & Technology Research Institute, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamdan, Iran

5 Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization of Iran, Tehran,Iran. b. Medicinal Plants and Natural Products Research Center,Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran

6 Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Health Sciences & Technology Research Institute, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences

7 Psoriasis Research Center, Department of Dermatology, Sina Hospital, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, Email

10.22102/jaehr.2022.315292.1257

Abstract

Objective: The present study assesses various complications and impurities in hand sanitizers with alcohol-based against COVID-19 among health workers in Hamadan, Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was con‌ducted on 178 healthcare workers in various hospitals affiliated to the Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. The inclusion criteria were health personnel working in hospitals dedicated to care and treatment of patients with COVID-19 in Hamadan city. A researcher- developed questionnaire was used for gathering data. Afterward, in order to evaluate the quality and impurities of the alcohol-based hand sanitizers used by healthcare workers, various samples were collected and analyzed using GC-MS. All the analyses were conducted using Stata (version 14-2).

Results: The highest and the lowest percentages of ethanol were observed in wash solutions and gels, which were 68.24% and 60.71%, respectively. The frequency use of gel, solution and spray use among them were 93.82%, 42.13% and 49.44%, respectively. Skin and breathing sensitivity were the most common occurred symptoms in the 44.38% and 27.68% of the health worker, respectively. The skin dryness (50%) and sore throat (25.84%) were the most common complications, which were observed in skin and respiratory symptoms among health workers, respectively.

Conclusion: Our findings implied that the prevalence of various complications related to using hand sanitizers with alcohol-based was high among health workers, which highlights the role of using appropriate alcohol-based hand rubs with suitable formulations in hospital setting to reduce the adverse health effects caused by the long-term and extensive use of them among health workers.

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