Document Type : Review Article(s)
Department of Geography, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important indicators of the social, economic, cultural and health status of any society. The aim of this study was to calculate life expectancy by gender in rural areas of Kurdistan province. This study as descriptive epidemiological project was aim to explore the life expectancy in rural area of Kurdistan.Data was collected directly using mortality information (statistics available in the health center of Kurdistan province and the registered population in 2013. The findings showed that life expectancy is not the same in rural areas of Kurdistan province. Life expectancy at birth for men and women in rural areas of the province is estimated at 70.6 years. Life expectancy is 72 years for women and 69.3 years for men. The highest life expectancy of men is in Saqez city with 70.9 and the lowest in Dehgolan city with 67.6 years. The highest life expectancy is estimated in rural women with 74 years in Baneh city and the lowest in Divandere city with 69.4 years. Life expectancy results showed inequality in terms of gender and at the level of rural areas of Kurdistan province. Comparatively, the results showed that the national average life expectancy in rural areas of Iran is more than 2 years higher than rural areas of Kurdistan province. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the level of life expectancy in rural areas of Kurdistan province, fair distribution of facilities and services to villages, the second is to prioritize rural areas based on health services.