A Study of the Relationship Between Landscape Structure and Psychic Components on Temperature Assessment of Users of Urban Open Spaces Around Kroon River in Ahvaz: A Case Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Architecture, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Department of Architecture, Visiting Professor, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran / Jundishapur University of Technology, Dezful, Iran.

3 Department of Architecture, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

4 Department of Environmental Engineering, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran



Structure of the urban open spaces and the effect it imposes on the body and mental health increases the importance of attention to the quality of such places. The thermal comfort is the environmental factors affecting the reactive behavior of people in urban open spaces. In the present study, aiming at investigating the relationship between psychic components and landscape structure and its effect on the thermal assessment of individuals, three methods are used; the descriptive method for explaining the psychic components and landscape structure as well as the survey method for determining the relation and correlation between research variables along with the experimental method for testing the variables using certain tools.
Thermal analysis done by computer simulation method in ENVI-met software in the Karoon river area in Ahvaz city. The index used for assessing the thermal comfort is UTCI. In order to find the relationship between the research variables, the field data collections were accomplished by arranging questionnaires and in a random way by Cochran formula. The findings demonstrated the existence of a relationship between landscape structure and different psychic states in individuals. In fact, the moods of the individuals in open spaces affect their landscape qualification and thermal assessment. Eventually, and based on the findings of the study, it could be stated that the mental condition and psychic state of the individuals in different situations has definitely affected their qualification of the landscape structure, landscape quality as well as their reactive behavior while it would overshadow their thermal assessment.


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