Reduction of the impact of GHGs in ball bladder factory by using Life Cycle Assessment

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran

2 Department of Environmental Science and engineering, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran.

10.22102/jaehr.2021.245986.1184

Abstract

Scientists have been raising much debate regarding the environmental issue such as global warming ,ozone layer depletion and its several potential effects on the earth is a consequence of long term accumulation of the so- called greenhouse gases mainly (CH4, CO2) in the atmosphere. The rubber industry needs to improve its competitiveness not only to increase profits but to ensure sustainability. The information on greenhouse gas emissions during rubber produce is the important and also useful data for the life cycle assessment. The purpose of this study is to estimate greenhouse gas emission throughout the complete cycle of rubber production based on collective and analytical data on the resources, chemicals used, raw materials and energy consumption in Tanin Peyk factory in Iran, by using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), SimaPro 8.0.1 software and CML Baseline 2001 method were used to analyze the data. Results showed that bladder with virgin rubber had highest percentage in ozone layer depletion and global warming categories. In contrast, bladder with “recycled + virgin rubbers” had %27.9 and %29.5 impact respectively. So, this suggests that bladder with “recycled + virgin rubbers” is less eco-destructive than bladder with virgin rubber.

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